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Building a Pyramid: Examining the Egyptologist theory
Since the inception of Archaeology, we have been given an account of how Giza's great pyramids were constructed. As of late we have been introduced to what's been referred to as 'Merer's Papyrus Logbooks'; which according to Egyptologists explains how the Giza pyramids were built.
The problem with the Giza pyramids is they don't fit any explanation given by anyone, including Egyptologists.
The Egyptologists state the pyramid (which is approximately 2.5 million stones) had the stones quarried by drilling holes, filling with wood wedges and saturated with water to make the wood expand and create a fracture point at which the stones will naturally split via gravity.
This issue is compounded in evidence as there isn't one single stone at the Great Pyramid showing this type of quarried extracting method..and there would be zero reason to 'dress' the pyramids 'skeleton stones' when the intention of the pyramid's builders finished product was to be covered by Tura limestone used as magnificently polished Casing-stones.
The true original pyramid builders were not concerened with keeping the skeleton stones tight (as there are cavities in between the stones which can be easily seen) knowing it would be covered in polished Casing stones. With the Casing stones removed, we are allowed a view to the skeleton stones detailing no drill or edge-pit chip marks from quarrying methods.
This is a huge fail on the theory of how the pyramid stones were quarried.
The evidence points the opposite way, and proves Egyptologists are either blind..or full of stone dust.
Trading routes and techniques prove just as mysterious as to wear certain builing materials for the pyramid came from, adding to the confusion of Egyptologists published conclusions.
*"By the time of the First Dynasty, international trade had been initiated with the regions of the Levant, Libya, and Nubia. *Egypt had a trading colony in Canaan, a number in Syria, and even more in Nubia. *
*The Egyptians had already graduated from building papyrus reed boats to ships of wood and these were sent regularly to Lebanon for cedar. *
*The overland trade route through the Wadi Hammamat wound from the Nile to the Red Sea, the goods packed and tied to the backs of donkeys."
Often mentioned in the pyramid building process is a ramp to assemble the building, and boats to ship the quarried stone down the Nile river to their destination.
The Egyptian papyrus known as Merer's Papyrus explains shipping stones along the Nile river, however it does not give a description or unit measurement for the boat. These measurements were taken from a different newer Egyptian-dynasty that provided an example of the boat used from that era in Egyptologist Mark Lehner's video created in support of Merer's diary.
Here is the glaring issue -
The mathematical breakdown of how many boats it would take to build the pyramid in a 20 year period.
To do it in this time frame, you would need a constant shipyard sailing at least 50 boats per day carrying at least 7 stones per ship - every day for 20 years.
That is the 'minimum' ships needed and a total of 350 stones shipped 'per day' over a 20 year period.
The 24 foot boat size measurement used in Mark Lehner's video, size and weight to ratio, could only carry one stone and does not accommodate stones weighing over 2 and 1/2 tons.
There is no allowance for the heavier stones and zero mention to the size of ship needed to move the 15 ton Casing-stones, nor is their an account of the 50 to 70 ton Granite stones used in the King's Chamber roof-system; which would require a severely larger boat than the 24 foot boat offered in Egyptologist Mark Lehner's video.
Where did the wood come from..and were did it go?
To create a monument such as the size of the Great Pyramid, would take a significantly huge quantity of lumber to build the boats (and additional materials), for repairs, and to create additional ships for 20 years.
We know the Egyptians were mostly supplied their wood from Libya, and it was soft wood.
Soft wood ships carrying stone would need constant repairs.
The Acacia, Tamarisk and Sycamore trees are native to Egypt. The use of this type of wood from Egyptian heritage reveals it was used mostly for small statues and certain furniture applications.
For larger and more sturdier items created such as wooden sarcophagi and boats required our ancient Egyptian's to import wood.
This importing included Lebanon's Cedar wood, Central Africa's Ebony wood, and Syria's Fir tree wood.
The term ‘softwood’ refers to wood that comes from evergreen or coniferous trees. This type of wood grows in cool climates, predominantly found in countries such as Canada, Scandinavia and Russia. These trees grow faster than hardwood trees, hence the wood is cheaper. This wood can be light, soft and easy to work with when compared to hardwoods. Common examples of softwood trees are pine, spruce, cedar and redwood. Today, most furniture is made using softwood.
Hardwoods come from deciduous trees like ash, oak, teak, birch walnut and mahogany. These woods are stronger and have better texture, color and grain patterns. Because these woods are strong and more durable than softwood, they are used for flooring, doors and windows and heavy furniture. These woods do not bloat or absorb water easily, so the woods are also used as veneer on manufactured sheets.
Hard and Soft
The wood from the maple tree comes in two varieties: both hard and soft. Soft maple is relatively easy to work with, while hard maple is heavier and tough. Both soft and hard maple are better and stronger than other types of softwoods, and also less expensive than hardwoods, so the woods are a popular choice.
Merer's Papyrus Log is not what Egyptian authorities are claiming it is.
Explained as the 'Journal of Merer'; the fragmented details reveal Merer as a lead-hand explained as a 'shipper' and transporter of blocks of limestone from the quarries of Tura, which is located on the opposite bank of the Nile river of the Giza plateau. The details examined refer more to the building known as a place referred to as 'She Khufu', (shortened version of Ro-She Khufu) belonging to the entrance to the pool of Khufu.
‘Ro-She Khufu’ according to the papyrus seems to have been a stopping point near by the Giza plateau; Akhet Khufu is made reference to as the Great Pyramid.
As the Ro-She pool of Khufu is reported to have been located upon the artificial lake in the vicinity of Khufu's mortuary temple, which is still in speculation; the papyrus would lend validation to the construction of this additional building and not the Great Pyramid itself.
Nowhere does it explain any building of monuments; Merer's report only talks about shipping stones along the Nile and stopping at Khufu's pyramid mentioning “Akhet Khufu as the Great Pyramid, the ” Horizon of Khufu”.
Studying Egyptian culture reveals it was a custom to stop and pay homage at the 3 pyramids while traveling along the Nile.
It's quite possible, as we know the pyramids have been restored, the Merer's Report could very well be explaining a rebuild procedure, as the papyrus references another building rather than Giza's Great Pyramid.
However more than likely it explains a 'squatters temple' our Egyptians built to claim these archaic monuments as their own offering another fault in the long list of inaccuracies from Egyptologists trying to explain something they clearly have yet to understand.
Egyptologist Mark Lehner decided to make a video in cohoboration with Merer's log to show it's validation, which inadvertently revealed Egyptologists pyramid building theories to be severely inadequate.
His video reveals it took 12 men four hours to quarry one 3 1/2 ton stone which they used MODERN tools, no copper chisels and no pounding stones - modern tools. They then used a modern crane to load the stone onto a 24 foot boat that almost capsized when it got caught in the Nile's current and the stone became dislodged on the ships deck..and of course they used a crane to unload the stone.
Mark Lehrner inadvertently proved Egyptologists have yet to learn their academically instituted hypothesis is extremely faulty.
[Mark Lehner on right pictured with Zahi Hawass]
Two ramp theories to create the Great Pyramid have been brought into speculation:
Jean-Pierre Houdin's Internal Ramp theory
The recent Muon tomography scans by the ScanPyramids mission created from an Egyptian-International project designed and led by Cairo University and the French HIP Institute have brought the winding internal ramp into question as two certain voids were located, but no details revealing voids to an internal ramp system were found.
Secondly Egyptologist have recently uncovered a 'dirt-mound ramp' which they speculate is the remnants of one of the outside ramps used to construct the pyramid.
In 1303 the Giza plateau experienced an epic earthquake that shook free the pyramids outer casing stones, which allowed them to then be removed and re-used in the building of many of Cairo and surrounding area's many Mosque's, temples and Caleph homes.
This would be in truth what this external ramp initiated from.
As yet to this day in our modern era, no prime example of how these ancient pyramid's were created is offered, and as flawed as the many other offered ideas, the Egyptologists ideas of how the Pyramid's were built does not fit the Pyramid's living example, detailing Egyptology in the face of facts and common sense can not withstand it's own theoretical evidence.
Copyright research of JD Jeffrey 2019
First day : […] spend the day […] in […]. [Day] 2: […] spend the day […] in? […]. [Day 3: Cast off from?] the royal palace? [… sail]ing [upriver] towards Tura, spend the night there. Day : Cast off from Tura, morning sail downriver towards Akhet-Khufu, spend the night. [Day] 5: Cast off from Tura in the afternoon, sail towards Akhet-Khufu. Day 6: Cast off from Akhet-Khufu and sail upriver towards Tura […]. [Jour 7]: Cast off in the morning from […] Day 8: Cast off in the morning from Tura, sail downriver towards Akhet-Khufu, spend the night there. Day 9: Cast off in the morning from Akhet-Khufu, sail upriver; spend the night. Day 10: Cast off from Tura, moor in Akhet-Khufu. Come from […]? the aper-teams?[…]
Day 11: Inspector Merer spends the day with [his phyle in] carrying out works related to the dyke of [Ro-She] Khuf[u …] Day 12: Inspector Merer spends the day with [his phyle carrying out] works related to the dyke of Ro-She Khufu […]. Day 13: Inspector Merer spends the day with [his phyle? …] the dyke which is in Ro-She Khufu by means of 15? phyles of aper-teams. Day : [Inspector] Merer spends the day [with his phyle] on the dyke [in/of Ro-She] Khu[fu…]. [Day] 15 […] in Ro-She Khufu […]. Day 16: Inspector Merer spends the day […] in Ro-She Khufu with the noble? […]. Day 17: Inspector Merer spends the day […] lifting the piles of the dy[ke …]. Day 18: Inspector Merer spends the day […] Day 19 […] Day 20 […] for the rudder? […] the aper-teams.
SECTION B I
[Day 25]: [Inspector Merer spends the day with his phyle [h]au[ling]? st[ones in Tura South]; spends the night at Tura South [Day 26]: Inspector Merer casts off with his phyle from Tura [South], loaded with stone, for Akhet-Khufu; spends the night at She-Khufu. Day 27: sets sail from She-Khufu, sails towards Akhet-Khufu, loaded with stone, spends the night at Akhet-Khufu. Day 28: casts off from Akhet-Khufu in the morning; sails upriver Tura South. Day 29: Inspector Merer spends the day with his phyle hauling stones in Tura South; spends the night at Tura South. Day 30: Inspector Merer spends the day with his phyle hauling stones in Tura South; spends the night at Tura South.
SECTION B II
[First day ] the director of 6 Idjer[u] casts of for Heliopolis in a transport boat-iuat to bring us food from Heliopolis while the Elite (stp-sȝ is in Tura. Day 2: Inspector Merer spends the day with his phyle hauling stones in Tura North; spends the night at Tura North. Day 3: Inspector Merer casts off from Tura North, sails towards Akhet-Khufu loaded with stone. [Day 4 …] the director of 6 [Idjer]u [comes back] from Heliopolis with 40 sacks-khar and a large measure-heqat of bread-beset while the Elite hauls stones in Tura North. Day 5: Inspector Merer spends the day with his phyle loading stones onto the boats-hau of the Elite in Tura North, spends the night at Tura. Day 6: Inspector Merer sets sail with a boat of the naval section (gs-dpt) of Ta-ur, going downriver towards Akhet-Khufu. Spends the night at Ro-She Khufu. Day 7: sets sail in the morning towards Akhet-Khufu, sails towing towards Tura North, spends the night at […] Day 8: sets sail from Ro-She Khufu, sails towards Tura North. Inspector Merer spends the day [with a boat?] of Ta-ur? […]. Day 9: sets sail from […] of Khufu […]. Day 10: […]
SECTION B III
[Day 13 …] She-[Khufu] […] spends the night at Tur]a South. [Day 14: … hauling] stones [… spends the night in] Tura South. [Day 15:] Inspector Merer [spends the day] with his [phyle] hauling stones [in Tura] South, spends the night in Tura South. [Day 16: Inspector Merer spends the day with] his phyle loading the boat-imu (?) with stone [sails …] downriver, spends the night at She-Khufu. [Day 17: casts off from She-Khufu] in the morning, sails towards Akhet-Khufu; [sails … from] Akhet-Khufu, spends the night at She-Khufu. [Day 18] […] sails […] spends the night at Tura . [Day 19]: Inspector Merer] spends the day [with his phyle] hauling stones in Tura [South ?]. Day 20: [Inspector] Mer[er] spends the day with [his phyle] hauling stones in Tura South (?), loads 5 craft, spends the night at Tura.
SECTION B IV
Day 21: [Inspector] Merer spends the day with his [phyle] loading a transport ship-imu at Tura North, sets sail from Tura in the afternoon. Day 22: spends the night at Ro-She Khufu. In the morning, sets sail from Ro-She Khufu; sails towards Akhet-Khufu; spends the night at the Chapels of [Akhet] Khufu. Day 23: the director of 10 Hesi spends the day with his naval section in Ro-She Khufu, because a decision to cast off was taken; spends the night at Ro-She Khufu. Day 24: Inspector Merer spends the day with his phyle hauling (stones? craft?) with those who are on the register of the Elite, the aper-teams and the noble Ankhhaf, director of Ro-She Khufu. Day 25: Inspector Merer spends the day with his team hauling stones in Tura, spends the night at Tura North. [Day 26 …] sails towards […]
Day x+1: [sails] downriver […] the bank of the point of She-Khufu. Day x+2: […] sails? from Akhet-Khufu […] Ro-She Khufu. Day x+3: [… loads?] […Tura] North. Day x+4: […] loaded with stone […] Ro-She [Khufu]. Day x+5: […] Ro-She Khufu […] sails from Akhet-Khufu; spends the night. Day x+6: [… sails …] Tura. Day x+7: [… hauling?] stones [in Tura North, spends the night at Tura North. Day x+8: [Inspector Merer] spends the day with his phyle [hauling] stones in Tura North; spends the night in Tura North. Day x+9: […] stones [… Tura] North. Day x+10: […] stones [Tu]ra North; Day x+11: [casts off?] in the afternoon […] sails? […]
x+1 […Tura] North […] spends the night there. x+2: […] sails [… Tura] North, spends the night at Tura North. x+3 [… loads, hauls] stones […] x+4 […] spends the night there. x+5 […] with his phyle loading […] loading a craft. x+6 […] sails [… Ro-She?] Khufu […] x+7 […] with his phyle sails […] sleeps at [Ro]-She Khufu x+8 […]
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