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The Mystery's of Calixtlahuaca
Calixtlahuaca is a site in Toluca Valley, Mexico, with a ceramic sequence from Teotihuacán times till the Aztec conquest and some evidence of the Preclassic. It was occupied from 1200-1472 AD by a Nahuatl group (Matlatzincas) who were enemies of the Aztecs and were conquered by them between 1474-1510 AD. Before that, the city was home to this culture from the 12th century on and was under Toltec influence before that point. The area itself has been occupied by nomadic cultures, including the Olmecs, as far back as 3000 BC. Although the city once stretched over a vast area and was home to tens of thousands of people, the archaeological site is small and now only seen in three small areas because the majority of the ancient city is buried under the modern town.
The word HUACA means Very Sacred Place. It was used in South America, and many sites even today in Peru. Two ancient sites in Mexico incorporate the word Huaca in their names. CalixtlaHUACA and TeotiHUACAn. This signifies an understanding of a possible tie to a singular civilization in pre Aztec times between South, Central America and Mexico.
There is also a similarity between these two sites in that Calixtlahuaca may once have, in its far distant and shadowed past, been considered a 'birthplace of the gods' (see further down in the article) and Teotihuacan is well known as that. Did the builders of Calixtlahuaca build Teotihuacan? Or was Teotihuacan built as the new one? The distance from the center of the Temple of Quetzalcoatl to the center of the Temple of the Feathered Serpent at Teotihuacan is 60.2 m (and to the Pyramid of the Sun is 60.7 mi (13) The center of the Ankh altar also measures 60.7 mi (13) to the Pyramid of the Sun. The name Calixtlahuaca also has thirteen (13) letters.
The Temple of Quetzalcoatl coordinates:
19 20' 01.26” N (1+9+2+1 =13, 2+6 = 8
99 41' 34.81” W (9+4 =13; 9+1+3= 13, 4+8+1 =13)
The unusual round tiered shape of the beautiful Temple of Quetzalcoatl is undeniably reminiscent of a coiled serpent – and we don't feel it to be a coincidence. The circle is a perfect geometric figure, has no beginning or end, therefore is infinite, as the gods. The name Quetzalcoatl is a combination of two animal forms: the Quetzal (a native bird renowned for its colorful plumage); and the serpent (called Coatl in the native Nahuatl language). The serpent was revered for its ability to slither between the cracks of our world into the mysterious underworld of the dead. The serpent was also believed to have the ability to be reincarnated – the act of shedding its skin was seen as an act of rebirth.
The design is the incarnate of both these powers; acting as entrance to the underworld to harness the power of the ancestors, as well as symbolizing rebirth and new beginnings with the temple being physically reincarnated periodically – as archaeological investigations have revealed at least FOUR separate layers of construction underneath the temple we see today.
The GE picture shows a shadow to the North side reminiscent of a Quetzal bird. The only time this shadow would look exactly like that would be close to or during Winter Solstice. This shows the Quetzal blending with the Coatl (bird + serpent = Feathered Serpent). Note the various measures on the temple add to 13.
That this Temple of Quetzalcóatl was dedicated to Quetzalcoatl is further supported by the imagery found on a stone relief within the temple complex. The relief is carved on a large slab of volcanic rock that has eroded so badly that only one image can still be identified – a serpentine curl which is clearly visible on the left-hand side. The relief not only looks like a serpent but also very much looks like this temple, showing the clear resemblance and relationship between the temple and the serpent. Therefore it seems likely that the temple originally was dedicated to the ancient serpentine creator God, Quetzalcoatl, and that it was much later dedicated to the God of Wind (Ehecatl) by the Aztecs.
Calixtlahuaca has one of the most mysterious altars ever discovered in Mexico. A 'Cross' Altar (25.6 ft long and 25.8 ft wide) shares an incredible similarity to the ankh cross in ancient Egypt. The Egyptian ankh cross… in Mexico? This ankh altar is also perfectly aligned with an Egyptian-like stone pyramid. Pyramid base measures 88 ft x 116 ft. The ankh altar is 80 ft to pyramid.
Read Ancient Agenda's article: Ankh Ascension here:
But the question remains...what is an ankh doing in Mexico?
The ankh is an ancient symbol represented in the engravings of ancient Egypt, and represents the symbol of eternal life. The shape of the ankh resembles a cross with the upper stem a never ending oval loop, (OUROBOROS), resting on the TAU symbol below. There are many speculations about this symbol, some indicating the ankh as a symbol of the resurrection. Some think it's an allusion to the rising sun, symbolizing again the life cycle of nature.
This ankh altar has been very inaccurately and erroneously called a Tzompantli (or Skull Rack) because it had some skulls adorning it. It is much more likely that the altar was dedicated to the goddess ~ Cihuacoatl, and rather than being used for sacrifice it was used for women to lie on during the birthing ceremony. The shape of the altar, with the rounded end supporting the head and the cruciform shape supporting the outstretched arms and legs make an ideal shape for this function. This altar originally had a large solid surface but has been reconstructed hollow.
The pyramid/temple opposite it is associated with Tlaloc, the rain god. Tlaloc is also one of the primary gods who can be traced through the Toltec and back to Teotihuacán, along with Quetzalcoatl, and also with the goddesses Coatlicue and Cuhuacoatl.
Furthermore, as the God of Rain he was considered a giver of life and fertility – much the same attributes as Cihuacoatl, but with an agricultural focus.
It could therefore be that this Tlaloc Group was actually dedicated to a broader purpose of fertility and a sacred place where people paid tribute to the Gods in hope of a fruitful crop ~ or a healthy child. In fact, looking up at the high hill that rises above the city, it is possible that Calixtlahuaca itself was, in it's distant and shadowy past, considered a haven for childbirth and possibly the first 'birthplace of the Gods'.
Hills and mountains have always been somewhat associated with the gods across the world in ancient times and there are several logical theories as to why: they are the source of precious water; a perceived gateway to the heavens; fertile land often lies at their feet. Thus this hill is a prominent and notable landmark to which legends might have been recorded and myths built upon.
But it isn’t its buildings or its history that has made Calixtlahuaca famous though, it is another mystery.... the discovery of a Romanesque head bust in the 1930’s that has put this ancient city on the 'modern tourist map'. The archaeology indicates it was buried before the Spanish conquest landed on the shores of Mexico, which implies pre-hispanic contact from Europe, and possibly in very ancient times. The “Roman Head” was discovered by José Garcia-Payón in 1933 whilst excavating a burial site within the Matlatzinca city of Tecaxic (now named Calixtlahuaca).
The Roman bust was found amongst a cache of offerings, including gold, turquoise, crystal and pottery, buried three floors beneath a sacred pyramidal structure. The burial site appeared undisturbed and dates between 1476 and 1510 AD. This means the piece must predate the Spanish conquest, which didn’t reach the shores of Mexico until 1519. So how did a “Roman” figurine head find its way into a pre-Columbian burial? While a few say this may have been a hoax, a search brings up enough evidence of both Roman and Egyptian visitors in the America's long before Columbus to consider that it's true.
The head was sent to Germany for testing and the results prove it is an ancient carving. “The head is without any doubt Roman, and the lab analysis has confirmed that it is ancient. The stylistic examination tells us more precisely that it is a Roman work from around the 2nd century A.D., and the hairstyle and the shape of the beard present the typical traits of the Severian emperors period [193-235 A.D.], exactly in the ‘fashion’ of the epoch
Sadly, an undetermined number of stones from the Tlaloc archaeological site were used for the St. Francis of Assisi parish construction in the town of Calixtlahuaca, and many engraved stones from the site can be seen on the church's exterior walls.
Researched and written by Joani Jiannine and Jon Gilbert